Putin’s mobilization request is Russia’s first since World War II and comes a day after the Russian-controlled areas of eastern and southern Ukraine announced plans to vote to become an integral part of Russia. was broken
Moscow faces intense pressure as the war in Ukraine approaches seven months as Russian forces cede territory to Ukrainian forces in key northeastern cities.
Here are five maps of the ongoing war…
frustration on the battlefield
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is now limited to the northeastern and southern regions after Putin realigned his war goals to focus on the seceded Donbass region. His original plan to do so did not go as expected as Russia faced stiff resistance from Ukraine.
Now that the war is set to end in seven months, Russian forces have been driven out of territories they occupied in northeastern Ukraine this month in a Ukrainian counterattack, and are stuck in the south.
The yellow area of the map tweeted by AFP shows the areas Ukraine has recaptured from Russia, pushing further east.
Map courtesy of AFP
Russia’s achieved gains came under great threat earlier this month when its troops were driven out of the neighboring province of Kharkov and lost control of key supply lines to much of the Donetsk and Luhansk front lines.
Ukrainian president last week Volodymyr Zelensky He said about 8,000 square kilometers (3,100 square miles) had been “liberated” during counteroffensive actions by his troops.
A closer look at the map shows how much territory Ukraine has regained in the Kharkov region as of earlier this month.
The ferocious Ukrainian counteroffensive in the Kharkiv region has surprised even Ukrainian officials.
Map provided by: NYT
The failure of Russian defenses in the region reshaped the contours of the war, with beleaguered Russian forces embarking on the defensive.
“There were too few troops to defend the area,” he said. Konrad Musicamilitary analyst and director of Rochan Consulting told The New York Times. “Once the Ukrainian army crossed the first line of defense, the entire front collapsed because there were no real units to face the Ukrainian army.”
“The Russian army claims the title of the fastest army in the world…Keep running!” Zelensky’s chief of staff Andriy Yermak previously said in a cheeky Twitter post.
According to the New York Times map, Ukraine has reclaimed about 3,400 square miles in the region. This is more land than Russia has gained in the last five months.
Map provided by: NYT
This map shows a stark contrast between the Ukrainian lightning-fast counterattack and the slow progress of the Russian invasion.
There are many reasons for Russia’s setbacks in the region. read more about them Tit+
In addition to announcing the mobilization of citizens, Putin has repeatedly stated that his aim is to “liberate” Ukraine’s industrial hub Donbass, and most people there believe that he He said he didn’t want to go back to what he called the “yoke.”
In an apparently coordinated move, pro-Russian regional leaders announced on Tuesday that Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson, Zaporizhia A province that occupies about 15% of the Ukrainian territory.
Russia-backed separatists in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions – collectively Donbass – seceded from Ukrainian government control and declared an independent “people’s republic” in 2014, but have so far gone unrecognized. did.
Like Crimea, Luhansk and Donetsk are regions where a particularly large proportion of the population speaks Russian and is ethnically Russian.
Map provided by: Reuters
After the Orange Revolution of 2004 and the Maidan protests of 2013 and 2014, it was in these parts of Ukraine that opposition to a Western-leaning Ukraine was strongest, Deutsche Welle reported.
The next vote, which is almost certain to go the way of Russia’s will, will give President Putin some fruit in the months of war.
The Kremlin-backed effort to engulf the four regions could also set Russia poised for an escalating war following Ukraine’s success.
But the decision to hold a referendum has been criticized as illegal by Western leaders who support Kyiv with military and other support that has helped its forces gain momentum on the battlefields in the east and south. It was immediately rejected.
(with input from institutions)