The Netherlands and Ukraine are pursuing Moscow for actions in eastern Ukraine prior to February 2022.
The European Supreme Court of Human Rights has ruled that it can rule on a lawsuit filed by the Netherlands and Ukraine against Russia over alleged rights violations in eastern Ukraine in 2014. MH17.
Wednesday’s ruling by the Strasbourg-based European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) marks an important step forward in the efforts of the Dutch and Ukrainian governments to hold Russia legally accountable for its actions in Ukraine, and will end the compensation order. may pave the way for The court said it would make a decision on the merits of the case at a later date.
These lawsuits were filed before Russia launched its full-scale invasion of Ukraine in late February 2022.
Dutch Justice Minister Dylan Jesirgoz Zegerius tweeted: “Very good news. The European Court of Human Rights decision is another important step towards finding truth and justice for the victims of Flight #MH17 and their families. It is a step.
Flight MH17, departing from Amsterdam, was en route to Kuala Lumpur when it was shot down over eastern Ukraine on 17 July 2014. All 298 passengers and crew were killed.
Dutch Foreign Minister Wobke Hekstra also hailed the ruling as an important milestone in the pursuit of accountability.
“We will do everything in our power to achieve justice for all 298 victims of #MH17 and their loved ones,” he tweeted.
Evidence presented at hearings last year found that since May 11, 2014, the regions of eastern Ukraine controlled by separatist rebels were “under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation” and that Moscow was “separated.” It has been proven that it had a significant impact on the military strategy of the jihadists.” ” includes providing weapons, carrying out artillery fire demanded by the rebels, and providing political and economic support.
Moscow has denied any involvement or responsibility for the downing of MH17, and in 2014 denied any presence in Ukraine.
The ECHR said it had sufficient evidence to support the admissibility of most of Ukraine’s allegations of infringement and related lawsuits filed by Ukraine regarding the downing of MH17. NetherlandsIt said a few claims were inadmissible.
The Court of Strasbourg is an integral part of the Council of Europe, the continent’s most important human rights institution. Russia was kicked out of the council last year in unprecedented moves over its invasion of Moscow and war in Ukraine. However, courts can handle cases against Russia before expulsion.
Marieke de Hoon, assistant professor of international criminal law at the University of Amsterdam, said the EHCR statement was “very clear”.
“The court said today that it has become clear beyond unreasonable suspicion that Russian troops have been operating in Donbass since April 2014,” she told Al Jazeera, referring to the Eastern Region of Ukraine. “Therefore, Russia had an obligation to guarantee human rights in the region.”
The Strasbourg case is separate from criminal prosecutions in the Netherlands, where two Russian and Ukrainian rebels were convicted in absentia of multiple murder charges in connection with the downing of MH17 in November. I got the verdict.
In a lawsuit before the Human Rights Court, the Netherlands alleges that Moscow played a key role in the downing of Flight MH17, and that Russia’s failed investigation and lack of cooperation with Dutch prosecutors and denial of involvement exacerbated the suffering. claimed to be. Or friends and relatives of those killed.
Dutch prosecutors say the missile system that shot down MH17 was trucked from a Russian military base to Ukraine and returned to Ukraine after it was shot down.
Ukraine has filed a lawsuit against Moscow alleging numerous violations of the European Convention on Human Rights, including “unlawful military attacks on civilians that caused many deaths, including the downing of flight MH17, summary executions and beatings of civilians.” caused No longer participate in hostilities. He also accused Russia of kidnapping 85 Ukrainian children.