Europe

Copenhagen’s new metro is beautiful


Copenhagen (CNN)- In Copenhagen, transportation is usually triggered by a variety of two-wheeled means of transportation: bicycles.

Since the import of bicycles from France into Denmark in 1869, bicycles have become the main means of transportation for Scandinavian cities. In the 1920s, it was not uncommon to see both the working class and the higher society rowing down the street. However, with the opening of the new M3 Cityring metro line, commuters will have access to new modes of transportation.

The Copenhagen metro has always been fairly efficient, but in many areas there are no stations and therefore easy to access.

In addition, about population growth 10,000 new residents annually Taxes are levied on buses and trains that are already in circulation. In a city with a population of 650,000, about 200,000 people commute by metro every day, sometimes with a bicycle while traveling.

Improved accessibility

There are 17 new stations on the ring road, almost doubling the number of existing stations.

AFP via DA MARIEOD GAARD ​​/ Getty Images

Cityring, a 15.5 km ring road, has 17 new stations, almost doubling the number of existing stations. It currently connects areas far from the city center. Residents do not have to rely on bicycles, especially during the winter months when they induce Hugge in Copenhagen.

According to Henrik Ploughmann Olsen, CEO of Copenhagen Metro, there were two driving forces for this project. “First of all, it was a matter of improving public transport and making it more efficient and of better quality,” he said. “But it was also about urban development outside the city center.”

Courtesy Copenhagen Metro

A public square with 150 benches and 800 trees was built around 17 new stations. The square will not only allow access to the metro, but hopefully encourage more commerce and housing.

“We find that it attracts not only stores, but also offices and service-oriented businesses,” Olsen said.

There was a challenge in building the line.

Olsen admitted that eight years of construction disrupted traffic and generally disrupted people’s daily lives. “We had machines just outside the windows of people for quite some years,” he said.

Glass and light are important design elements, and the station is designed to integrate with the surroundings.

Glass and light are important design elements, and the station is designed to integrate with the surroundings.

Reginald Sales / Metro Company

Technical issues also challenged tunnel designers. They had to build around old buildings with unstable foundations, such as the historic Frederik’s Church at Marmorkirken Station, also known as the Marble Church.

It was also essential to manage groundwater during construction.

“Many houses in the heart of the Old Town are actually built on 17th or 18th century wooden mountains, and removing groundwater from these mountains will cause them to rot,” explains Olsen.

In addition, builders had to manipulate existing metro tunnels, but Olsen proudly states that the expansion was completed without shutting down the current system.

Shiny new rail

The new M3 line will allow Copenhagen to compete at the international level.

The new M3 line will allow Copenhagen to compete at the international level.

Reginald Sales / Metro Company

The line itself is beautiful. Smooth and shimmering like seals shimmy in the water, this shiny new railroad line runs automatically without conductors.

This system operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. This is a rare service offered in only a handful of cities around the world, including New York City, Chicago and Melbourne. It takes 24 minutes to go around the line. The average speed is about 40 kilometers per hour (about 25 miles per hour), but once the train reaches its top speed, it can cruise at 90 kilometers per hour (55 miles per hour).

Unlike older stations, all new stops are equipped with two elevators instead of one, reducing the slope of the stairs and reducing the burden of up and down flights. In today’s iTouch culture, ticket vending machine screens provide riders with route information and maps.

Not only is it easy to get on, but the Cityring station is easy on the eyes.

Glass and light are important design elements, and the station is designed to integrate with the surroundings. For example, at Fredericks Svea Station, the green interior color scheme is the outdoor park Segue, and the rider greets when he reaches the height of the street.

Cleanliness and efficiency are the two beliefs of the metro system. Revenues from ticket sales will be reinvested in maintenance, and a quarterly survey of passengers will require metro operators to direct their money to what’s working and what’s not. You can know if.

Bicycle-friendly

Cityring doesn’t want to compete with the bike, but instead integrates it into its existing transportation infrastructure. “The metro actually supports the idea of ​​making a bicycle a last-mile or first-mile mode of transportation, so it can be used in combination,” Olsen said.

Bicycles are available on the metro during non-rush hours. Motorcycles can be stored in the basement of each station when not in use. The exit screen informs you of the departure of nearby buses and trains for easy connection.

This shiny new railway line has no conductors and runs automatically.

This shiny new railway line has no conductors and runs automatically.

Reginald Sales / Metro Company

With these features, residents are excited about the new system, but Olsen says, “The most important thing is that you don’t have to look at the timetable.” “The train leaves as soon as you pass through the station.” For him, the freedom from schedule constraints demonstrates the ease of use of the metro.

The new M3 line (and general metro expansion) not only serves the city, but also allows Copenhagen to compete at the international level. Olsen cites Hamburg, Germany and Stockholm, Sweden as nearby rivals and hopes to attract both businesses and tourists to Copenhagen through the opportunities offered by the metro.

With the opening of the M3 Cityring, passenger numbers are expected to increase from 65 million to 122 million by 2020, and two extensions to the existing M4 line will open over the next five years.

The predictions are ambitious, but Olsen’s definition of success is more conservative.

“The less people need to think about us, the better,” he said. “So if you can rely on us and don’t have to think too much about using the metro, we think it’s a success because it’s easy to use and you don’t have to plan your journey. ”



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