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China Uses ‘Coercive’ Economic Tools in Indian Ocean to Accomplish Security Objectives: US – Times of India

New Delhi: China uses “coercive economic tools” to achieve its security objectives. Indian Ocean region (IOR) has also failed to comply with international law and has demonstrated a lack of transparency in its ongoing efforts to establish military bases abroad, a senior US defense official said.
“Our concern concerns not only China’s growing naval presence in the IOR, but how that presence is expressed and what its intentions are … seen elsewhere We’re starting to see a pattern of behavior,’ says U.S. assistant secretary or defense attorney Indo-Pacific Security Matters Ely S Ratner said at a virtual media roundtable:
As a result, the India-U.S. Strategic Defense Partnership is “center” in Washington’s vision for a free and open IOR and the wider Indo-Pacific region. “While the journey may be arduous, we are truly focused on the long game of building partnerships for the future and supporting India’s ability to shape a favorable balance of power in the Indo-Pacific. I am,” he said. .
Armed with the world’s largest navy of 355 warships and submarines, China stepped up its search for logistics bases in the IOR, from Cambodia, Seychelles and Mauritius to East African nations, before setting up a full-fledged overseas operation in the Horn of Djibouti. established a base. Africa, which TOI reported earlier.
China’s clever use of debt trap policies was also evident in the Chinese research and spacecraft Yuan Wang 5, which docked at Hambantota last month. This raised a red flag for India’s defense regime that Chinese warships could regularly use Sri Lanka as an operational conversion facility in the future. Of course, China already has full access to Pakistan’s Karachi and Gwadar ports.
Ratner said India and the United States are working closer together than ever before in history, with a “convergence of strategic interests” and a “common vision” for the Indo-Pacific region.
He identified three key Pentagon priorities for India. One is to support India’s military modernization, deterrence and emergence as a defense industrial powerhouse through joint development and co-production of weapons systems. This will serve India’s own modernization goals and its ability to export to “partners” across the region, he said.
“The second priority we are pursuing is to deepen operational cooperation and coordination with the aim of meeting and defeating our competitors across critical combat domains,” said Ratner. This has led to cooperation on naval exercises, information sharing, technical exchanges, and awareness of the maritime and underwater domains. We are also expanding cooperation in cyber, space, artificial intelligence and other emerging technology areas.
“Thirdly, and finally, as partnerships move to more advanced stages, we are thinking more broadly about how we work together in broader regional architectures, including coalition settings with partners within and outside the region. increase.
An example of this growing strategic alignment to deter coercion in the Indo-Pacific was the “Quads plus France” exercise called “La Perouse” in the Bay of Bengal last April.

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